The second approach to deviance encompasses explanatory theories. Deviance is any behavior that violates social norms, and is usually of sufficient severity to warrant disapproval from the majority of society. You may recall there are three dominant theoretical perspectives in sociology: social conflict theory, structural functional theory and symbolic interaction theory. ALEXANDER LIAZOS AND CONFLICT THEORY OF DEVIANCE. In earlier times in Western Europe and America, the religious institutions had the social power to define/label deviant behavior and to "treat" it (e.g., exorcisms, etc. His theory states that criminal deviance is inherited and this inheritance is visible in the shape of the human skull. Émile Durkheim: The Essential Nature of Deviance. Who defines what is deviant and how to people come to behave that way? Recorded with http://screencast-o-matic.com Help us caption & translate this video! According to the functionalist theory, crime and deviance arise due to the way a society is structured. Deviant behavior can also be explained by psychological trauma in one's past. The crux of Karl Marx theory is that, society is evolving continuously and evolution is inevitable. According to the cognitive development theory, criminal and deviant behavior results from the way in which individuals organize their thoughts around morality and the law. Émile Durkheim believed that deviance is a necessary part of a successful society. Functionalists have the viewpoint that shared norms and values are important to social order and the success of society. [1] : 204 The labelling theory helps to explain this shift, as behaviour that used to be judged morally are now being transformed into an objective clinical diagnosis. 1. The theory primarily pertains to formal deviance, using biological reasons to explain criminality, though it can certainly extend to informal deviance. Theories and Examples of Deviance. Now that you have learned some of the main theories of deviance, you are ready to put your sociological perspective in gear and find out what other people’s views are on this topic. (Some explanatory formulations turn the equation around and ask why normative – but for them, the logic is the same.) Indeed, Lemert (1967) and others came to propose that attention should shift away from deviant acts and people towards the phenomena of control. Take, for example, the case of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The Three Main Theories of Deviance and Their Strengths and Weaknesses A functionalist analysis of deviance looks for the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than in the biological or psychological nature of the individual. ). Share: Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Linkedin Share on Google Share by email. What is social deviance? A biological interpretation of formal deviance was first advanced by the Italian School of Criminology, a school of thought originating from Italy during the mid-nineteenth century. Biological theories of deviance have been seen as racist, since ideas such as eugenics have been justified with these theories. French sociologist Émile Durkheim based his work on this theory. Psychological theories of deviance do not necessarily have a biological element. Major theory Related explanation Summary of explanation; Functionalist: Durkheim’s views: Deviance has several functions: (a) it clarifies norms and increases conformity, (b) it strengthens social bonds among the people reacting to the deviant, and (c) it can help lead to positive social change. Explanations of deviance attempt to account for why non normative behavior occurs. There are many different theories and perspectives on why people do things like abuse drugs, and although we my never have all the answers, sociology still help us to understand the problem better. Psychological theories of deviance do not necessarily have a biological element. Craig is an experienced Sociology teacher and examiner and is known as The Sociology Guy on social media. Theories of deviance were thus potentially wider by far in their reach than criminology and they made the criminal law, criminalization, and the facts of crime newly and interestingly problematic. Social-Conflict Theory Of Deviance And Social Control In Society. US schools are currently the only schools that consider biological theories of deviance in any detail. Not everyone agrees about why some people break rules while others follow them. Lemert postulated that after someone carries out a deviant act (primary deviance) the reaction of others can lead to further (secondary) deviance. The labeling theory of deviance is influenced by symbolic interaction. Sociological Theories of Deviance Anomie theory Anomie refers to the confusion that arises when social norms conflict or don't even exist. Assignment 2: Theories of Deviance: Interview Analysis. Marxist Theories of Crime and Deviance - Law Creation. Cesare Lombroso. May als… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Theories of Deviance. Title of the Presentation Chapter Four: Major Theories of Deviance • Anomie Theory • Conflict Theories • Labeling Theory • Control Theory • Learning or Socialization Theory 2. Lawrence Kohlberg, a developmental psychologist, theorized that there are three levels of moral reasoning.During the first stage, called the pre-conventional stage, … Functions of Deviance. Robert K. Merton’s strain theory of deviance argues that some deviant behavior, such as drug addiction, is caused by the relinquishment by certain individuals of socially-acceptable goals. A deviance might be an activity that is considered strange or unacceptable by society. Social disorganization theory, strain theory, and cultural deviance theory represent three functionalist perspectives on deviance in society. The sociological discipline that deals with crime (behavior that violates laws) is criminology (also known as criminal justice). Historically Few people rule and other were being ruled […] How Cognitive Development Theory Explains Deviance . Merton’s strain theory is an important contribution to the study of crime and deviance – in the 1940s it helped to explain why crime continued to exist in countries, such as America, which were experiencing increasing economic growth and wealth. THE ABC’s of DEVIANCE A = Attitudes Achieved statuses based upon beliefs or convictions B = Behaviors Often Achieved statuses based on outward actions. By exploring theories of social deviance, we can begin to understand factors – such as age, race, class, gender and location – influencing drug usage. In the 1960s, Robert Merton used the term to describe the differences between socially accepted goals and the availability of means to achieve those goals. Sociology Student videos Crime and Deviance; Craig Gelling. This video outlines the work of Lemert who wrote about about primary deviance and secondary deviance. Deviance can be criminal or non‐criminal. Those who follow the work of Karl Marx concerning criminology are known as Marxist criminologist. This lesson will focus on the social conflict theory of deviance. Deviant behavior can also be explained by psychological trauma in one’s past. 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