Huey Long during a Washington DC radio broadcast. Learn huey long history louisiana with free interactive flashcards. Corrupted by wealth and power, your government is like a restaurant with only one dish. From one of the largest political families to ever be seen in either of the Americas, he rose to prominence as a lawyer defending the "little man" from the abuses of corporate monopolies in Texas and Louisiana, the chief of which was Standard Oil Company. Huey Long's opponents, both during his life and after, often drew connections between him and his ideology and far-left and right political movements, comparing it to everything from European Fascism, … Courtesy of Louisiana Secretary of State. Here are three things you should know about Huey Long: He served as first the governor and then a senator for Louisiana in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. Huey P. Long, governor of Louisiana from 1928-1932 and U.S. senator from 1932-1935, is not remembered by historians as a religious figure. When asked about common comparisons between him and Adolf Hitler, Long replied "Don't compare with that so-and-so. The elected lieutenant governor during the Huey Long gubernatorial administration who quarreled with Long for most of their tenure.  While most say that Louisiana Governor and Senator Huey Long was a populist, little else can be agreed on. September 10, 2015, was the 80th anniversary of Huey Long's death. '" Similarly, in 1935, the New York American accused Long's Share the Wealth program of being "molded in the criminal brains of the leader of the Paris Commune and sanctified in the brains of an oriental fanatic, Nicolai Lenin. This corporation was Huey Long's biggest enemy during his time in power: standard oil. Long, was elected to the U.S. Senate the same year and went on to become one of the most powerful senators in American history. Long also declined to support federal anti-lynching legislation: "Can't do the dead nigra no good. In 1948 his brother, Earl Long, brought the family back into power. Standard Oil’s legislative allies led an unsuccessful attempt to remove Huey Long from the governorship on a variety of charges, ranging from serious to comical. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. Used with permission. This meant that the Democratic Party primary held on this date was the real contest over who would be governor. It is the nation’s tallest state Capitol, and as its nickname suggests, it was conceived and built by Huey P. Long, the Kingfish, the Louisiana governor who never really left the mansion when he was elected to the U.S. Senate, a politician who had once been so feared than even Franklin D. Roosevelt considered to be one of the two most dangerous men in America. , However, historian Glen Jeansonne argued that Long was "more racist, less unbiased, less principled, and less different from other Louisiana politicians of his time than the [historical] literature implies. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. Huey P. Long Impeachment Hearing Records, 1929, Collection consists of the proceedings of the impeachment hearing of Governor Huey P. Long before the State House of Representatives in Baton Rouge, Louisiana on April 3, 1929.  They argued that Long's populist rhetoric and antics belied a decidedly anti-labor philosophy; Garlin, for instance, noted that while Long constructed thousands of miles of roads and numerous bridges, the state paid its workers only 30 cents an hour—10 cents less than what the National Recovery Administration called for during the Great Depression. As Governor, he used strong-arm tactics to break political gridlock and cut red tape. They feared that such a scheme was decidedly communist. Huey Long was poised to run for president in the 1936 election against Franklin Roosevelt as his “Share Our Wealth” program swept the nation. Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. While most say that Louisiana Governor and Senator Huey Long was a populist, little else can be agreed on. Courtesy of Louisiana State Museum. He was the son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr. and was the seventh of nine children in a farm-owning middle-class family. Long, Huey Pierce, 1893–1935, American ... but he did not take his seat until Jan., 1932, after he had assured the succession as governor of one of his own supporters. Became the governor of Louisiana after King. Huey Long was born the 7th child to Huey P. Long Sr. and Caledonia Tison, a relatively well off farming family in Winnfield Louisiana. Long, known as "Uncle Earl", connected with voters through his folksy demeanor and colorful oratory. One of Huey Long's major promises when he ran for Governor in 1928 was free: Textbooks for school children. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. Louisiana After Long – The Louisiana Scandals. This was largely because after the Louisiana Constitution of 1898, which virtually disenfranchised blacks by raising barriers to voter registration, was ratified "race was an irrelevant political issue" and black Louisianians "were segregated, ghettoized, ignored. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician from the state of Louisiana.A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies.He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935. Huey Long (1893-1935) was Louisiana's legendary populist Governor, U.S. A bright, inquisitive, and feisty child, he would grow to become the most famous – and audacious - public figure ever produced by the state of Louisiana. Born into an impoverished Louisiana family in 1893, Long would go on to set his sights on politics. >, Huey Long was known as "the Kingfish", a take-charge problem solver who delivered immediate relief to the suffering and powerless. Long was revered by the masses as a champion of the common man and demonized by the powerful as a dangerous demagogue. Some of Long's fiercest critics were prominent American communists, such as Sender Garlin and Alexander Bittelman. Mussolini [force-fed dissidents] castor oil; I’ll give them Tabasco, and then they’ll like Louisiana.” Then he laughed. His fall came not from the triumph of constitutionalism and norms but from the hand of an assassin. A middle-aged Louisiana governor falls in love with a young stripper, which jeopardizes his political career and the radical policies which have made him a controversial figure. This plan is the only defense this country's got against communism. Upon his election to Governor of Louisiana Long would achieve his greatest triumphs in his political career but also give rise to some of his greatest critics and make his first major foray into controversy. It is the nation’s tallest state Capitol, and as its nickname suggests, it was conceived and built by Huey P. Long, the Kingfish, the Louisiana governor who never really left the mansion when he was elected to the U.S. Senate, a politician who had once been so feared than even Franklin D. Roosevelt considered to be one of the two most dangerous men in America. Jones, who served as governor from 1940-1944, was the one who finally overthrew the Huey Long dynasty and is credited with restructuring state government into a civil service system which, by the way, was dismantled by Huey’s brother, Earl K. Long, when he became governor in 1948. His early education was attained in the public schools of his native state. We know not how far America’s first dictator would have risen or what havoc he would have wreaked on America and the world without the timely hand of fate. Long, was elected to the U.S. Senate the same year and went on to become one of the most powerful senators in American history. During his 1928 bid for Governor, Huey Long would adopt his iconic slogan “every man a king” that he took from a previous Louisiana populist politician, William Jennings Bryan. ", Nevertheless, many of Long's efforts did benefit the black community.  Even Long's brother Julius claimed that he was "trying to be a Hitler. The New Deal . They believed his policies both preserved the capitalist enterprise and diverted interest away from their own party. Look no further than Depression-Era Democratic governor Huey Long, a larger-than-life Louisianan who captured 96% of the vote and revolutionized his state. Huey Long , nicknamed the "Kingfish", is an American politician, serving as a Senator from the State of Louisiana, and is leader of the populist America First Union Party.An outspoken populist, Long is best known for his Share Our Wealth program, and its motto "Every Man A King", that proposes new wealth redistribution measures aimed at revitalizing the working class in America. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses.  When black leaders in New Orleans protested that the staff at one of his recently constructed hospitals was entirely white, Long quickly made several positions open to black nurses. Senator and favorite son. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. Long's proposed end to poverty by giving every family a minimum income of $5,000 a year. Patronage will not change it. Additionally, Long's hostile attitude to corporations was not compatible with fascism. Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history.  Journalist Raymond Gram Swing claimed that Long wished to "Hitlerize America". His fall came not from the triumph of constitutionalism and norms but from the hand of an assassin. After only 2 years as Louisiana's Governor, Huey became the U.S. Long's brother, Earl K. Long, was elected as Governor of Louisiana in 1948. No siree!" At age 25, Huey Long made a splash in Louisiana politics on the Louisiana Railroad Commission, fighting corporate monopolies and reducing utility rates. Ken Burns reveals a complex and comprehensive portrait of the man, his politics and the power he so obsessively sought. Huey Long was a fiery and charismatic Louisiana politician who moved up the ranks at a young age. With Paul Newman, Lolita Davidovich, Jerry Hardin, Gailard Sartain. Huey Long's opponents, both during his life and after, often drew connections between him and his ideology and far-left and right political movements, comparing it to everything from European Fascism, Stalinism, and later McCarthyism. An assassin's bullet ended Long's life in 1935, but his followers managed to hold on to the governorship until 1940. Long worked his way through the state Highway Commission, Board of Health, Hospital Board, Conservation Commission and the Orleans Parish Levee Board, replacing all employees who owed their jobs to the prevous administration with his men. From what I have read; very effective. In Washington, Huey became a national force with his “Share Our Wealth” movement, which threatened to siphon Democratic support from the re-election of President Franklin Roosevelt. Born, Winnfield, La., August 30, 1893; son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr., and Caledonia Tison. threatening the re-election of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, role of government in a democratic society, Louisiana Political Museum & Hall of Fame, Louisiana State University (LSU) Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. From Washington, Long continued to direct the Louisiana government. Huey continued to be in effective control of Louisiana after the next gubernatorial election, when he successfully campaigned for Oscar K. Allen, a childhood friend and loyal supporter, who followed Long’s instructions in the governor’s office. Governor Huey P. Long. Many historians also argue that Long's building projects and social reforms helped all of the lower classes in Louisiana, regardless of race. " Long also called his program "the only stop-gap to Communism! There has never been a country that put its heel down on the Jews that ever lived afterwards. ", Although conservatives labeled Long as a communist, legitimate American communists sought to distance themselves from Long and his Share Our Wealth program. and later commented "I don't know much about Hitler. " Long had never faced a serious election that hinged on questions of race or racism. Lt. Willie was only himself…”, Listen to "Thank God and Huey Long" by Louie Ludwig. Huey Long (1893-1935) was Louisiana's legendary populist Governor, U.S. He later studied law at the University of Oklahoma and at Tulane University, was admitted to the bar in 1915, and established a legal career in Winnfield and Shreveport. See the rise and fall of the Kingfish Governor of Louisiana. In 1930, Huey Long was elected as: united states senator. H uey P. Long Jr. was born in Winnfield, Louisiana in 1893. Huey Long's puppet; accused of signing everything put in front of him. The Earl K. Long Gymnasium at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. When asked about his own philosophy, Long simply replied: "Oh, hell, say that I’m sui generis and let it go at that." My voice will be the same as it has been. He was a populist and got things done. On September 8, Huey was shot in the State Capitol by Dr. Carl Weiss, the relative of a political enemy. Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. By 1935, rumors of plots to assassinate Huey Long swirled around Louisiana. Two days after the shooting he died in Our Lady of the Lake Sanitarium located across a … This, however, was not the case. Fear will not change it. See the rise and fall of the Kingfish Governor of Louisiana. Senator on a platform of social reform and justice, all the while employing graft and corruption to get what he wanted. of Louisiana, Huey P. Long was elected as the governor of Louisiana in 1928.7 Over the next five years as governor Long enacted numerous state-wide policies, instituted several large-scale civic projects, specifically new roads and bridges, survived an impeachment attempt in 1929, was re-elected as governor and then U.S. senator by 1932. Unidentified. Share Our Wealth. Huey Long began his career as a traveling salesman, displaying a knack for connecting with the common man, a skill he would later apply as a young attorney defending the disadvantaged. Traditional figures of Southern authority despised him, but he quickly gained a following among small independent farmers.  Deflecting such attacks, Long occasionally painted Roosevelt as a communist, once suggesting that Roosevelt "hold the Democratic convention and Communist convention together and save money. ", For much of the 20th century, most historians considered Long to be an egalitarian in terms of race; Long historian T. Harry Williams, for instance, wrote that Long was "the first Southern mass leader to leave aside race baiting and appeals to the Southern tradition and the Southern past and address himself to the social and economic problems of the present. The early twentieth century saw the rise of Huey P. Long, who established himself as a virtual dictator. He was impeached in the House but avoided conviction in the Senate. ", Long expressed interest in authoritarianism; he was reportedly gripped by the idea that he was the reincarnated ego of Napoleon Bonaparte. The political views of Huey P. Long have presented historians and biographers with some difficulty. , During his lifetime, Long's political philosophy, particularly his Share Our Wealth program, was strongly criticized by more conservative politicians. In particular, the Share Our Wealth program preserved the concept of private property and also sought to avoid any need for violent revolution. In 1934 he began a reorganization of the state, which virtually abolished local government and gave Long the power to appoint all state employees. That one is Huey Long, governor, governor-senator, and ultimately senator from Louisiana. “I would like to let you know that the school children grieve with you, at the passing of a wonderful friend.” >, Huey Long transformed the public's perception of the role of government in a democratic society. He died two days later at age 42. Courtesy of State Library of Louisiana. " He was jokingly labelled the "Karl Marx of the Hillbillies". No one will ever hear political opposition out of me when that is done.”, All the King's Men is a fictional story by Robert Penn Warren, who created the character Willie Stark, who loosely resembles Long. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses. ", Life Magazine said "The late Huey P. Long, who knew all the tricks of the dissembling demagogue, was once asked: “Do you think we will ever have Fascism in America?” Said the Kingfish: “Sure, only we’ll call it anti-Fascism.”  Several other similar quotes have been credited to Long, but many challenge the validity of these quotes. He was a populist and got things done. Governor Paul Cyr. Courtesy of Louisiana State Museum. Like in most Southern states between the Reconstruction Era and the Civil Rights Movement, Louisiana's Republican Party was virtually nonexistent in terms of electoral support. On May 22nd, he fired seventy-three New Orleans Dock Board employees. " Unlike many other southern demagogues, Long resisted associating himself with the Ku Klux Klan. Branded a demagogue and radical by his opponents, and known Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. D emocrat Oscar “O. Governor. Huey Long was the most well-known American populist in the 1930s. News of Huey’s death made worldwide headlines, and an estimated 200,000 mourners attended his funeral. K.” Allen served as governor of Louisiana from 1932 to 1936, the first individual elected to this office after Huey P. Long’s resignation to serve in the US Senate. Despite meager formal education, Long passed the state bar examination at age twenty-two and earned a laudable reputation with his legal defense of common folk. He's more than a Kaiserreich meme, and has left quite a lasting legacy.Support me on Patreon! “Fine,” Long told him in a conversation that took place less than a year before he was killed. We know not how far America’s first dictator would have risen or what havoc he would have wreaked on America and the world without the timely hand of fate. Huey Long was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930, in a race cast as a referendum on his policies as governor. It was there that his tyrannical characteristics and flamboyant lifestyle became evident to the public. Communist writer Sender Garlin labelled him the "personification of the fascist menace in the United States," and noted that his swinging arm gestures were similar to those of Hitler. In an effort to distance Long from communism, many socialists, such as Norman Thomas, also sought to smear Long as a fascist. ", Although often denounced as a fascist, Long was not anti-Semitic, nor any more anti-Communist than most politicians at the time. " Trying to strike a balance among differing interpretations of Long's racial views, Wilkins later wrote, "My guess is that Huey ... wouldn't hesitate to throw Negroes to the wolves if it became necessary; neither would he hesitate to carry them along if the good they did him was greater than the harm. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. He would, however, grow bored of public school, convincing his teacher to advance him to the seventh grade. Hell no! In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. He broke the monopoly on power held by the ruling elite and their corporate backers and transformed Louisiana politics. From an early age, it was evident that Huey Long was a true original.  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