To troubleshoot, please check our Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru in English - The concept of religion and secularism have played an important role in the history of our country. DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.003.0006, 2 The Triumvirate: Gandhi, Motilal, and Jawaharlal, 7 Jawaharlal Nehru and the Partition of India, 2 The Triumvirate: Gandhi, Motilal, and Jawaharlal, 7 Jawaharlal Nehru and the Partition of India. History. Nehru was able to prevent India from lapsing into an identity focused on religion. Jawaharlal's daughter Indira married a Muslim, his name was changed to Gandhi. He came back to India in 1912 and started his practice as a lawyer. The Nehru family has a deep hold on the Indian psyche. . He was born on 14th November,1889 in Allahabad. Motilal’s rationalism saved him from a possible disaster caused by Hindu revivalism at the turn of the century. Sign up for Beliefnet's Hindu Wisdom newsletter. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. some people think it is something opposed to religion, that obviously is not correct. He particularly excelled at science, while taking very little interest in religion. FAQs Nehru recalled what Swami Vivekananda had said of Islam and Hindu ‘upper classes’ He quotes from a letter Swamiji wrote to a Muslim friend: ‘For our own motherland a junction of the two great systems, Hinduism and Islam —Vedanta brain and Islam body — is the only hope’ Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012, DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195645866.001.0001, PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). Nehru's grandson Rajiv converted to Christianity but had a … Religion. Nehru had a great love for all children, and that is why; today, we celebrate his birthday as Children’s Day. Hinduism. (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. He gained political ideas concerning this land and became the First Prime Minister of India. Nehru openly criticized communalism and strongly denounced Hindu communal groups. Source: publishyourarticles.net Brecher is of course referring to India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964). Nehru was hostile to the caste system, which is not surprising considering that his father, Motilal Nehru, had clashed with the orthodox section of the Kashmiri community in the 1890s. After studying law at London’s Inner Temple, he returned to India at the age of 22 where he practiced law with his father and prominent barrister, Motilal Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru was very vocal about his views on religion. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. He was born to Shrimati Swarup Rani Thussu and Shri Moti Lal Nehru, a prominent lawyer in Allahabad. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU'S CONTRIBUTION TO SECULARISM 217 in India and elsewhere, has fìlled me with horror'.15 About himself he admitted *1 am not a religious man, dogmas do not appeal to me'.16 Thus, to Nehru religion is 'narrow and intolerant of other opinions and ideas; it is self-centered and egoistic'.17 Therefore, religion, 'does not contact us Jawaharlal Nehru was educated at home, first by governesses and then by private tutors. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India. Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment. The Hindu-Muslim divide is merely the most visible, but that within Hinduism, between caste Hindus and the former "Untouchables," and between the upper castes and the lower intermediate castes known as the "backwards," is actually transforming Indian society in ways that Nehru did not anticipate. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a veteran political leader. Jawaharlal Nehru, religion, Mahatma Gandhi, politics, culture, communalism, Hindus, Motilal Nehru, revivalism, India. He was an eminent leader during the “Indian Independence Movement” that was started by the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi. Nehru thought that religion was at the root of the stagnation and lack of progress in his country. ... religion and association.” There were to be safeguards for minorities, backward and tribal areas. date: 25 December 2020. , and if you can't find the answer there, please Jawaharlal Nehru. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. His father, Motilal Nehru, was also a prominent figure in the struggle to gain independence and was a politician and a barrister. Jawaharlal Nehru was a well distinguished central figure who was known to be the first Prime Minister of India and the longest-serving Prime Minister. All Rights Reserved. Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889-1964) was the first and longest-serving Prime Minister of India. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. He collaborated with great nationalist leaders to demand independence from the British rule. Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. In both governmental policy and personal practice, Nehru stood for an idea of India that embraced those of every religion, caste, ethnicity or language. He received his early education at home, and later, at the age of 15, he went to England to pursue his higher studies in law. “It is science alone that can solve the problems of hunger and poverty, of insanitation and illiteracy, … Being modern does not mean being unconcerned with or contemptuous of tradition and culture. Some leaders made religion a tool to divide India while some used secularism to strengthen its unity and fraternity. Jawaharlal Nehru, first prime minister of independent India (1947–64), who established parliamentary government and became noted for his neutralist (nonaligned) policies in foreign affairs. So it is sadly true that the workings of Nehru's democratic system, which remains the best guarantee of Indian pluralism, have served to create and perpetuate India's various particularisms. Jawaharlal Nehru was India’s first Prime Minister, its longest serving Prime Minister, a key figure in the country’s fight for independence from British rule and the successor to the revered Mahatma Gandhi.He was born in 1889 and died in 1964. While in prison, he read the problems of religion, culture, and politics, and sought to fill gaps in his own early education.   Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Politics. Jawaharlal Nehru: Political Awakening: In his presidential address to the Lahore Congress in 1929, Nehru admitted that although he was born a Hindu, he does not know how far he is justified in calling himself one, or speaking on behalf of the Hindus. * Nehru was born in a brothel in Allahabad. Keywords: The basis of Indian society at that time was unthinking obedience to the authority of sacred books, old customs, and outdated habits. His father, Motilal Nehru, parted Jawaharlal’s education at home by tutors and private governesses. Jawaharlal Nehru was a rationalist but he did not dismiss the human mind’s spiritual quest. He was also a well-known atheist. Also known as ‘Chacha Nehru,’ Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. Jawaharlal Nehru: Early Life: Jawaharlal Nehru was born into an affluent Kashmiri Brahman family in Allahabad on November 14, 1889. Nehru was, by upbringing and conviction, completely secular. Jawaharlal Nehru was very vocal about his views on religion. As the majority of India is Hindu, the family takes some pains to show their Hindu credentials. He was pretty much influenced by the subject “science and theosophy” under his tutor Ferdinand T. Brooks, which led him to join the Theosophical Society at … Speech on Jawaharlal Nehru: ‘Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’ the name that is known by every little child of our nation. With farmers still knocking on the doors of urban India, demanding a hearing and empathy, from rulers and others who think they know better, it is time to remind ourselves, as Jawaharlal Nehru did in The Autobiography, that ‘India is Peasant India’ and what made Gandhiji the unquestioned leader of India’s millions was because he represented the peasant masses of India in his own being. After the collapse of the non-cooperation movement, Nehru was distressed by the religious tension and discord which wreaked havoc in India. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 500 words: Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India, born in Allahabad on 14 November 1889, made his significant contribution in strengthening the foundation of India through his efficient politics. “As long as I am at the helm of affairs,” he declared, “India will not become a Hindu state. Described as Hindu Agnostic,Nehru thought that these religious taboos were preventing India from going forward and adapting to modern conditions: “No country or people who are slaves to dogma and dogmatic mentality can progress, and unhappily our country and people have become extraordinarily dogmatic and little-minded.” Nehru considered that his afterlife was not in some mystical heaven or reincarnation but in the practical achievements of a life lived fully with and for his fellow human beings: … Quotations by Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian Leader, Born November 14, 1889. Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian revolutionary and the first Prime Minister of independent India. * Jawaharlal Nehru’s grandfather was Ghiasuddin Ghazi, a kotwal of the Mughals, who changed his name to Gangadhar Nehru. His participation in the freedom struggle in India brought him closer to other great leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad etc. Credit: 1960s calendar. Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Beliefnet’s Partners, From time to time you will also receive Special Offers from our partners. Sushil Aaron. In his presidential address to the Lahore Congress in 1929, Nehru admitted that although he was born a Hindu, he does not know how far he is justified in calling himself one, or speaking on behalf of the Hindus. He was also one of the principal leaders of India’s independence movement of the 1930s and ’40s. Share with your friends. Nehru became an Indian nationalist quite early in life, and was thrilled by Japan's victory over Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1905). Writing a foreword to a book Dharam Nirpeksh Raj Jawaharlal Nehru lucidly explains his concept of a secular state: ‘We talk about a secular state in India…. Enjoy the best Jawaharlal Nehru Quotes at BrainyQuote. His criticism of religion, especially organized religion, has supplied many rich sources of quotes .Here are just a few to establish his atheism. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. By the religious tension and discord which wreaked havoc in India ’ 40s 1889-1964 ) was first. Of independent India, 2020 brothel in Allahabad on November 14, 1889 Hindu... To Shrimati Swarup Rani Thussu and Shri Moti Lal Nehru, ’ Jawaharlal Nehru: ‘ Pandit Nehru... Has a deep hold on the Indian psyche first by governesses and by. A Muslim, his name was changed to Gandhi governesses and then by tutors! 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