Among natural finishes, tung oil surpasses shellac and linseed oil in hardness, durability, and water resistance. When applied to a raw surface, the oil hardens to protect and add luster to the wood. It is, in fact, a mixture of many different resins and oils and sometimes, other solvents. Because of their oil content, oil/ varnish mixes also need to dry overnight. For me, I prefer Formby's Tung Oil finish...but I have tried Watco danish oil, teak oil finish and several other oil finishes. Tips for Applying Danish OilA well-sanded surface will bring out the best in your furniture. It’s also known as hard-drying oil, which can polymerize into a compact form when it reacts with oxygen in the atmosphere. Now, this article is aimed at helping you to decide which oil you want to use to finish your woodwork. Water damages can ruin all your hard work, so make sure to pick up Danish oil that will leave a waterproof coating on your furniture. BLO seemed to darken pine the most, followed by Danish oil. It takes a long time to cure woods coated with Tung oil properly. Leave a minimum of 24 hours curing time before coats and always sand the surface before each additional coat. Copyright © 2020 WoodworkingToolkit.com. This oil can protect Wood from various damages like stains, scratches, heat damage and chemical damage. Henry Hung. I hope to pass some knowledge and expertise. They are: Greater amount of effort is necessary as pure tung oil penetrates wood very slowly. I love everything about woodworking and have been building stuff for over 20 years of my life. Beware: Some finishes with "tung oil" in their name contain little or no real tung oil as an ingredient. 5 Best Paint Sprayers of 2020 – Reviews & Buying Guide, 5 Best Weed Killers for Gardens – Reviews & Buying Guide. It is clear, quick-drying, and penetrates … Tung oil is more water resistant, but takes a long time to dry and requires many coats. Tung oil is safe to be used in making kitchen utensils as it is an all-natural and non-toxic product. When you compare its durability to tung oil, this one doesn’t last long. While there are many advantages to using it, pure tung oil takes two to three days to harden, and needs at least five coats. Tung oil can be used on oak to maintain its colour, however, if you wish to darken the oak then hard wax oil is preferable. Watco Danish Oil Vs. "Tung Oil Finish" is a marketing name for products that the manufacturer thinks will result in a finish like the finish you get from a true tung oil. Oak. This way, you'll know exactly what you are working with. So to avoid any danger, be careful and make sure to either let the rag used to apply Danish oil is placed flat to dry out or soaked thoroughly in water before discarding it. It is hard-drying which means it changes from solid to liquid form (polymerizes) when exposed to the air in the environment. Tung Oil Uses (Indoor vs Outdoor Uses) These usually include varnish, a thinner, and some tung oil, although some manufacturers will use a completely different oil and not tung.Pros. Tung oil has disadvantages, as well. This is because of their different features, which determine the final results that you'll get. Tung Oil vs. Linseed Oil: Which Should You Use? ​It also maintains its color over time and will not yellow with age. The remaining three will be treated with Danish Oil, BLO and Tung Oil respectively. However, tung oil penetrates wood slowly as it is 100% oil, so it has to be thinned down with thinner or mineral spirits. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. And keep in mind, I am talking about oil FINISHES...not REAL tung oil. Although it is also known as Chinese wood oil or linseed oil, it is definitely different from the latter. Or there's Watco Danish oil (Fig. The author tested 15 wipe-on finishes, including a water-based finish and both tung-oil and linseed-oil-based finishes. In this video I compare some common Oil Finishes.How do they look on wood? Tung oil and BLO were thicker. Both oils can achieve the result of a finish on your woodwork, but maintenance and durability as well as the amount of time invested in finishing the item is one big difference between tung oil and Danish oil. What is Danish Oil? Furthermore, it prevents cracking on the surface and increases the lifespan of the wood. It leaves behind a satiny yet hard finish. Danish oil is basically a mixture of various components such as tung oil or linseed oil, as well as a mixture of varnish, mineral spirits, etc. This made it popular with the Chinese for use in shipbuilding thousands of years ago. True tung oil takes about 3-4 months to fully cure and will emit an odor for that time. Oil/varnish mixes, such as Danish oil, enhance grain while laying down a thin film. It is a oil/varnish mixtures that contain an oil, a varnish and mineral spirits. It is not durable. Watco Danish Oil is a brand name of Danish oil. Compressing the nut enables the excretion of the oil, which is then further refined. These "Tung Oil Finishes" may contain some true tung oil, but most do not. Tung oil is a component used to make Danish oil. 2). Unlike Danish oil, tung oil requires 6 or more coats to stain the wood properly. All Rights Reserved. Now, Danish oil is usually applied over a bare surface of wood in the direction of the grain for better results. It also provides a beautiful golden color to wood. It has less of a gloss than varnish, but a more velvet-like feel and a visible grain. It is water-resistant and is durable as well. Your email address will not be published. Coming to the end of this side by side comparison of Danish oil vs tung oil, you can see that they each have their specific uses. There is no fixed formula of Danish oil, and so it varies according to the manufacturer. One important aspect of tung oil is its water-resistant properties. Sure enough, it leaves a good-looking surface on the wood. Danish oil and so called tung oil finishes are varnishes. This oil also has linseed oil, varnish, and mineral spirits. Its coating is additionally elastic, making it able to keep up its beauty as the wood expands and contracts.Being a natural product, 100% tung oil is non-toxic, and it is therefore perfect for finishing wooden items like fruit bowls and other kitchen or food items.Since pure tung oil has difficulties with penetrating wood, many manufacturers are offering their own blends of tung oil finishes. Tung Oil is formulated to be used over bare, stained or previously oiled woods. Now I mix my background with computers with my first-hand experience with woodworking to provide insights into the tools I like best. Now, Danish oil is usually applied over a bare surface of wood in the direction of the grain for better results. Tung oil is difficult to store as you need to keep it away from a lot of heat and light. Its name appeared the second half of the 20th century when many companies in Europe produced Danish oil from various kinds of ingredients. Once it is properly applied and cured, your furniture will be safe from absorbing water. Satin finish. Pure boiled linseed oil and Minwax Fast-Drying Polyurethane, a brushing finish, were added for comparison. 100% oil often has difficulty penetrating wood, so it's usually thinned down with mineral spirits or with a thinner. Today, it continues to offer the best water-resistance properties among wood finishing oils. This oil is ideal for beginners, as its application is quite easy. Danish oil is basically a mixture of various components such as tung oil or linseed oil, as well as a mixture of varnish, mineral spirits, etc. It that adds a beautiful, wet-look finish to all types of wood. You'll get best finishing results on new wood, although you can also apply Danish oil to surfaces which were previously oiled. This makes it one of the easiest and most effective coats you can use. All types. That penetration gives a depth to the wood's grain that's hard to achieve with a film finish. When it comes to bringing out the natural beauty of a highly figured piece of wood, such as quilted maple or quartersawn oak, nothing beats a hand-rubbed Danish-oil finish. However, there is also a possibility of spontaneous combustion due to exothermic combustion. At the end of the day, what type of oil you want to use depends on the time and effort you are willing to put in your woodwork. Your email address will not be published. Tung Oil vs. BLO – To compare the two finishes, Vaughn MacMillan applied boiled linseed oil to the left half and tung oil to the right half of this platter. Danish oil is a wood finishing oil, often made of polymerized linseed oil or tung oil that helps you achieve a lustrous wood finish. So it may be hazardous for health if it is used to make materials in which food is stored. It is normally produced by pressing the seed of a tung tree's nut. Behlens makes a good tung oil available in the US (Lee Valley is not). Glossy & hard finish. If you have a particular shade in mind, you can simply mix various tints to get your desired shade, and then you can also use it as a primer or sealer. Apart from that, tung oil is totally eco-friendly and non-toxic. Tung Oil. How many coats of tung oil should be used? Watco Danish Oil doesn't last long and needs constant re-application. All types. It’s also food-safe, once cured. Following is a side by side comparison of their most important features. If it is a masterpiece and you have a lot of time, you can go for Tung oil as it is known for its color and durability. Tung oil is best used for indoor furniture to make the surface of furniture to be glossier and warmer. It should be obvious by now, that your choice of either Danish or tung oil depends on the work you have on hand. Here are a few advantages of the tung oil: It is known for being waterproof and has been used for hundreds of years for its ability to make wood waterproof. In fact, tung oil is often used in making Danish oil, but the addition of other substances gives Danish oil different characteristics from tung oil.Danish oil is easier to use than tung oil because it penetrates wood faster and it also dries faster than tung oil. Tung oil hardens completely, but it also remains wonderfully elastic, and so contraction or expansion of wood does not affect the coating. So, if you don't have the patience or the time, then Danish oil will definitely be a great time saver. As Tung oil polymerizes completely after it is cured, it leaves behind a very hard coating on the surface of the wood, and so keeps it safe from scratches, acidic components, dents, etc. I wanted to work with my hands, to build things. This oil has a longer shelf life than tung oil. It is derived from nuts from tung trees that are indigenous to China, and so is also known as China wood oil. After 2 or 3 coats, wipe the wood 2 or 3 times with an hour interval each, and that's it, you're finished. Tung oil has been in use for centuries; it was used by Chinese in building ships and was also mentioned by Confucius in about 400 BC in his writings. Danish oil is a wood finishing oil, often made of tung oil or polymerized linseed oil, although there is no defined formulation so its composition varies among manufacturers. Pure tung oil vs linseed oil . As it is organic and all-natural, tung oil does not have any toxic elements. Required fields are marked *. are similar but slightly different blends of linseed oil or tung oil, a little bit of varnish resin, and some thinner / drying agent. On the other hand, tung oil cures to a very hard and beautiful, golden finish, which is often worth all the trouble of applying it. Real tung oil is usually labeled 100% tung oil and never contains a thinner. Best Roller For Staining Deck in 2021 : Find Perfect One Now, Best Wax For Chalk Paint : Find Great One From Our List, 10 Best Furniture Sliders for Hardwood Floors & Carpet in 2021, 10 Best Router Bit For Cutting Letters & Sign Making in 2021, Top 10 Best Nailer For Baseboards in 2021. Danish oil is not pure oil; it is a mixture of Tung oil, varnish, linseed oil, and mineral spirits. Real tung oil is a great wood finish, but not exactly something a DIYer really wants (or needs) to experiment with! Appearance. You need to wait 24 or more hours for the wood to cure properly before you can apply another coating of tung oil. Typically a Danish oil consists of a mixture of tung oil and varnish. Making The Right ChoiceIt should be obvious by now, that your choice of either Danish or tung oil depends on the work you have on hand. And it needs fewer coats and curing time as well. Tung oil cures to a hard surface, which is both durable and beautiful at once. It will protect your woodwork from scratches, damages done by chemical or heat, stains, etc., leaving behind a beautiful satiny finish. Tung oil, however, darkens less with time. After sanding and cleaning the wood surface to remove any previous finish, spread the oil along the grain pattern using a clean, lint-free rag. Tung oil leaves an all-natural transparent yet deep golden, wet look on the surface of the wood. Dark Tung Oil: This form is the same as pure tung oil, but with a pigmented resin added for color. That is, it turns more orange as it ages. Tung oil forms a hard surface once cured; at the same time, it is water-proof, durable, and has a glossy finish that gives the wood a ‘wet’ look. Pure Tung Oil: It is tung oil in its purest form devoid of additives like petroleum distillates, minerals or thinners. However, the addition of other materials makes Danish oil different in nature from tung oil. Boiled linseed oil cures faster than tung oil, overnight in a warm room when all the excess is wiped off, as opposed to two or three days for tung oil. It is only known as Danish oil because it looks like the Danish style furniture from the 50’s and 60’s when it cures. One advantage of Danish oil is that it hardens as it comes into contact with air (if it consists of polymerized linseed oil). It is honestly a "personal preference." Tips for Applying Tung OilIf you want to get the best from tung oil, then you should get your hands on pure (100%) tung oil and thin it down by yourself. If you've heard of both tung and Danish oils, but just can't seem to choose one over the other for your project, then maybe it's time to take a closer look at the two.Both oils provide protection for your furniture, but they do it in different ways. But if you are short on time, you can go for Danish oil as it cures faster and it is easier to use. It is very difficult to know what chemical compounds are present in Danish oil. Tung Oil v. Teak Oil vs. Danish Oil Watco Danish Oil is a good product for what it is but it is NOT what it sounds like... a true oil. Danish oil has a good rate of wood penetration and it's very easy to apply without problems. Tung oil is a type of natural drying oil commonly used as a finish in woodworking projects. Tung oil or linseed oil can be used to finish maple and to bring out the curly, or tiger grain of the wood. It dries quickly and cures to a nice satin finish. Danish oil is rather similar to teak oil in its composition. Unlike other oils, Danish oil does not become yellow with age. There are occasions wherein teak oil also utilizes a minute amount of Tung oil into its composition. Sign up now to receive updates about all the latest in woodworking PLUS get invited to exclusive tool giveaways... WoodworkingToolkit.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising programdesigned to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. It is developed from the nut of the tung tree. Some are thinner and dry quicker, some are more pure oil and dry slowly. Similarly to linseed oil, tung oil is totally raw. This is because of their different features, which determine the final results that you'll get. Linseed oil, on the other hand, dries more quickly and applies very easily, but won’t give much protection from water. After a lot of hours spent sanding wood, you want the wood to have a beautiful finish, but you are torn between whether to use Danish oil or tung oil. All the finishes were tested on pieces of red-oak plywood cut from the same sheet. Your final choice, therefore, depends on what you plan to do and how much time you have available.Danish oil cures faster and is easier to use, but tung oil looks better and is food safe. Polymerized Tung Oil: This is a variation of tung oil heated to become more durable. Danish oil is used to finish and protect wood surfaces from moisture. Both these oil are wood finishing oil, but both oil function in different manners. It seeps into the wood faster than other oils such as Tung oil and so can be used on hardwoods such as cherry, oak, maple, ironwood, and mahogany. Danish oil is a hard drying oil, meaning it can polymerize into a solid form when it reacts with oxygen in the atmosphere. Amongst all other oil treatments available, Tung oil is the only on that polymerizes (hardens) completely and does not darken as it ages and is less vulnerable to molds. Tung oil is a plant-based oil used as a wood finish. Danish oil is a type of wood finishing oil, which is made using either tung or linseed oil. Unlike mineral oil, it dries with a slight sheen, and it is much more water resistant. So in a nutshell, Danish oil has the following advantages: It is perfect for you if you are a beginner or novice woodworker as you can just apply it on the bare surface of the wood without any hassle. Boiled Linseed Oil vs Tung Oil When specifically comparing Tung Oil vs Linseed Oil, each has their own pros and cons. It penetrates the wood easily and dries faster due to its mixture of various components. As Danish oil is diluted with other components, it does not take days or weeks to cure. Tung Oil. You should try to apply it in the same direction as the grain for best results, and if you are in a hurry, just apply your coats with 30-minute intervals. It penetrates into the wood, unlike a film finish, which sits on the surface. In conclusion, Danish oil is a specific type of finishing oil made from either tung or linseed oil. After about 20 minutes of applying them, I noticed that Howards’ Cutting Board oil was the runniest of them all, but Danish oil was pretty thin and runny too. Tung oil provides the best waterproof coating amongst all oil treatments. Tung oil dries quickly and penetrates the wood deeply. There is no fixed formula of Danish oil, and so it varies according to the manufacturer. Once you have used a product like Antique Danish Oil (which is an oil varnish combination), you cannot go back to using just an oil as it will not penetrate into the wood properly. My entrepreneurial journey started in 2006, when I dropped out of university. Teak oil is used for both interior and exterior wooden surfaces. The tung oil is a bit lighter, and this difference will get more noticeable as time passes. All commercial oil finishes, whether labeled truoil, danish oil, gun oil, tung oil, boiled linseed oil, etc. Danish oil, which is yet another natural finish, is actually a type of Tung oil. Tung oil is used mainly on furniture, cabinets, interior doors, and trim and is very easy to apply, recoat, and maintain. Types of wood. Teak Oil vs. Tung Oil: Which Should You Use? It penetrates into the wood, so the finish will never crack or peel, unlike polyurethane. The primary differences between linseed oil and tung oil are as follows: Linseed oil “yellows” more than tung oil. Also, because of its slow penetration of the wood, sanding before every application of tung oil is required. Following is a side by side comparison of their most important features. If however, you are working on a masterpiece or something that has to do with food, then tung oil will probably be what you need. Danish oil and other varnishes have very little film strength where polymerized tung oil and pure tung oil have a film which is mush thinner and much stronger than lacquer. Teak Oil vs Tung Oil vs Danish Oil Teak Oil Star Brite Premium Teak Oil (Image: Amazon) The standard composition of teak oil normally incorporates varnish with mineral spirits and linseed oil. But this applies only for tung oil that is 100% natural, not those that have been mixed with thinners. This article is aimed at helping you decide which oil you want to use to finish your woodwork. Unfortunately, Danish oil has quite a few disadvantages as well. Although there is no exact formula for Danish oil, it is usually made using oil and varnish.The resulting coat is often water-resistant and hard-wearing. It is made by mixing a small amount of varnish into a larger amount of curing or penetrating oil, such as tung oil or linseed oil. However, there is a variety of tung oil in the market available, which is made thinner by adding chemicals, so be careful and read the label. Danish Oil. In contrast to Danish oil, which is a composite of various elements, including varnish and oil and sometimes thinner, tung oil is a completely natural product. As it is produced from nuts from the tung tree, it’s completely organic and good for the environment. It needs maintenance more frequently than any other type of oil treatment. Tung oil is another option. I will assume you plan to wipe on and wipe off your PTO finish and not put on an excessive amount, (thus not expecting it to "flow" or layout" onto the surface in abundance). You can mix tints to it to produce specific shades and you are free to either use it as a primer or as a sealer.Although Danish oil and teak oil are both blends of finishing oils, varnishes, and mineral spirits, the major difference between the 2 is that Danish oil creates a more waterproof and hard-wearing surface, much like pure tung oil.Pros. Tung oil is a natural product with a transparent, deep, and golden look. Your polymerized tung oil product over a cured Watco Danish Oil , a boiled linseed oil finish or pure tung oil finish would probably be OK. This makes it an excellent finishing choice for softwoods, such as pine. Best waterproof coating amongst all oil treatments, that your choice of Danish. Nut enables the excretion of the 20th century when many companies in Europe produced Danish oil when compare. Produced from nuts from the nut enables the excretion of the wood '' in their name contain little or real! 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